English

 Question 1
Which one of the following options is the closest in meaning to the word given below? Nadir
 A Highest B Lowest C Medium D Integration
GATE CS 2013    English
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Question 1 Explanation:
Nadir means below 1. Astronomy A point on the celestial sphere directly below the observer, diametrically opposite the zenith. 2. The lowest point: the nadir of their fortunes. Source: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/nadir
 Question 2
Complete the sentence: Universalism is to particularism as diffuseness is to _________________
 A specificity B neutrality C generality D adaptation
GATE CS 2013    English
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Question 2 Explanation:
 Question 3
Were you a bird, you ______________ in the sky.
 A would fly B shall fly C should fly D shall have flown
GATE CS 2013    English
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Question 3 Explanation:
Were you a bird, you would fly in the sky. See http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/conditional2.htm
 Question 4
Choose the grammatically INCORRECT sentence:
 A He is of Asian origin. B They belonged to Africa. C She is an European. D They migrated from India to Australia.
GATE CS 2013    English
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Question 4 Explanation:
The correct sentence is "She is a European." 'an' applies to those words which get pronounced with a,e,i,o,u. Here pronunciation is "Uropean" ( E-silent) Hence a European.
 Question 5
After several defeats in wars, Robert Bruce went in exile and wanted to commit suicide. Just before committing suicide, he came across a spider attempting tirelessly to have its net. Time and again, the spider failed but that did not deter it to refrain from making attempts. Such attempts by the spider made Bruce curious. Thus, Bruce started observing the near-impossible goal of the spider to have the net. Ultimately, the spider succeeded in having its net despite several failures. Such act of the spider encouraged Bruce not to commit suicide. And then, Bruce went back again and won many a battle, and the rest is history. Which one of the following assertions is best supported by the above information?
 A Failure is the pillar of success. B Honesty is the best policy. C Life begins and ends with adventures. D No adversity justifies giving up hope.
GATE CS 2013    English
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Question 5 Explanation:
None of A, B and C make sense. Only option D "No adversity justifies giving up hope" is related to the given information.
 Question 6
Choose the most appropriate alternative from the options given below to complete the following sentence: Despite several ––––––––– the mission succeeded in its attempt to resolve the conflict.
 A attempts B setbacks C meetings D delegations
GATE CS 2012    English
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Question 6 Explanation:
 Question 7
Which one of the following options is the closest in meaning to the word given below? Mitigate
 A Diminish B Divulge C Dedicate D Denote
GATE CS 2012    English
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Question 7 Explanation:
 Question 8
Choose the grammatically INCORRECT sentence:
 A They gave us the money back less the service charges of Three Hundred rupees. B This country’s expenditure is not less than that of Bangladesh. C The committee initially asked for a funding of Fifty Lakh rupees, but later settled for a lesser sum. D This country’s expenditure on educational reforms is very less.
GATE CS 2012    English
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Question 8 Explanation:
 Question 9
Choose the most appropriate alternative from the options given below to complete the following sentence: Suresh’s dog is the one ––––––––– was hurt in the stampede.
 A that B which C who D whom
GATE CS 2012    English
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Question 9 Explanation:
 Question 10
Wanted Temporary, Part-time persons for the post of Field Interviewer to conduct personal interviews to collect and collate economic data. Requirements: High School-pass, must be available for Day, Evening and Saturday work. Transportation paid, expenses reimbursed. Which one of the following is the best inference from the above advertisement?
 A Gender-discriminatory B Xenophobic C Not designed to make the post attractive D Not gender-discriminatory
GATE CS 2012    English
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Question 10 Explanation:
There is no mention of gender. Xenophobia also doesn't fit.
 Question 11
Which of the following options is the closest in the meaning to the word below: Inexplicable
 A incomprehensible B indelible C inextricable D infallible
GATE CS 2011    English
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Question 11 Explanation:
Inexplicable means something that can not be explained. Incomprehensible looks the best option.
 Question 12
Choose the most appropriate word (s) from the options given below to complete the following sentence. I Contemplated ____________ Singapore for my vacation but decided against it.
 A to visit B having to visit C visiting D for a visit
GATE CS 2011    English
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Question 12 Explanation:
Contemplate is a transitive verb. So it should be followed by a gerund . Hence the correct usage of contemplate is verb+ ing form.
 Question 13
Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below to complete the following sentence.
If you are trying to make a strong impression on your audience, you
cannot do so by being understated, tentative or_____________.
 A Hyperbolic B Restrained C Argumentative D Indifferent
GATE CS 2011    English
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Question 13 Explanation:
The word placed should be similar to understated and tentative. Restrained seems to be the best choice.
 Question 14
Few school curricula include a unit on how to deal with bereavement and grief, and yet all students at some point in their lives suffer from losses through death and parting. Based on the above passage which topic would not be included in a unit on bereavement?
 A how to write a letter of condolence B what emotional stages are passed through in the healing process C what the leading causes of death are D Show to give support to a grieving friend
GATE CS 2011    English
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Question 14 Explanation:
As per the given passage, the unit on bereavement is about how to deal with bereavement and grief, not about the causes of death. All other options make sense.
 Question 15
Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below to the complete the following sentence: His rather casual remarks on politics ___________ his lack of seriousness about the subject.
 A masked B belied C betrayed D suppressed
GATE CS 2010    English
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Question 15 Explanation:
There should be word like showed or revealed or betrayed.
 Question 16
Which of the following options is closest in meaning to the word Circuitous.
 A cyclic B indirect C confusing D crooked
GATE CS 2010    English
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Question 16 Explanation:
 Question 17
Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below to complete the following sentence: If we manage to ____________ our natural resources, we would leave a better planet for our children.
 A uphold B restrain C cherish D conserve
GATE CS 2010    English
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Question 17 Explanation:
 Question 18
The question below consists of a pair of related words followed by four pairs of words. Select the pair that best expresses the relation in the original pair. Unemployed: Worker
 A fallow: land B unaware: sleeper C wit: jester D renovated: house
GATE CS 2010    English
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Question 18 Explanation:
A worker who is not working is called unemployed, similarly a land which is not used is called fallow.
 Question 19
Modern warfare has changed from large scale clashes of armies to suppression of civilian populations. Chemical agents that do their work silently appear to be suited to such warfare; and regretfully, there exist people in military establishments who think that chemical agents are useful tools for their cause. Which of the following statements best sums up the meaning of the above passage:
 A Modern warfare has resulted in civil strife. B Chemical agents are useful in modern warfare. C Use of chemical agents in warfare would be undesirable D People in military establishments like to use chemical agents in war.
GATE CS 2010    English
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Question 19 Explanation:
Civil Strife means civil disorder, a term used to describe unrest caused by a group of people, which is not true in the light of the given passage. So, A is not the correct option. B is incorrect because there is no fact in the data justifying the usefulness of chemical agents for warfare. C is also incorrect because it is mentioned in the second line that chemical agents appear to be suited for such warfare, which implies that they are desirable. It is mentioned in the last line that there exist people in military establishments who think that chemical agents are useful for warfare, which makes D correct.
 Question 20
Which of the following options is the closest in meaning to the phrase underlined in the sentence below? It is fascinating to see life forms cope with varied environmental conditions.
English    GATE-CS-2014-(Set-1)
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Question 20 Explanation:
 Question 21
Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below to complete the following sentence. He could not understand the judges awarding her the first prize, because he thought that her performance was quite __________.
 A superb B medium C mediocre D exhilarating
English    GATE-CS-2014-(Set-1)
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Question 21 Explanation:
Here, superb and exhilarating would imply that the performance was brilliant. But, the fact that he could not understand why she got awarded the first prize indicates that her performance was not that amazing in his opinion. So, A and D are incorrect. Medium is more used as a noun, and denoted intermediate in quality, value, etc. So, B is incorrect Mediocre is used as an adjective (to represent quality) and means low in performance, i.e., normal and not extraordinary  and C is the correct choice.
 Question 22
In a press meet on the recent scam, the minister said, "The buck stops here". What did the minister convey by the statement?
 A He wants all the money B He will return the money C He will assume final responsibility D He will resist all enquiries
English    GATE-CS-2014-(Set-1)
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Question 22 Explanation:
 Question 23
Consider the statement
“Not all that glitters is gold”
Predicate glitters(x) is true if x glitters and predicate gold(x) is true if x is gold. Which one of the following logical formulae represents the above statement?
 A A B B C C D D
English    GATE-CS-2014-(Set-1)
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Question 23 Explanation:

The statement “Not all that glitters is gold” can be expressed as follows :

¬(∀x(glitters(x)⇒gold(x)) ... (1)

Where ∀x(glitters(x)⇒gold(x) refers that all glitters is gold. Now ,

x¬(glitters(x)⇒gold(x)) ... (2) , Since we know ¬∀x() = ∃x¬()

(Where ∀ refers to -> All and ∃x refers to -> There exists some).

As we know, A⇒B is true only in the case that either A is false or B is true. It can also defined in the other way :

A⇒B=¬A∨B (negationA or B ) ... (3)

From equation (2) and (3) , we have x(¬(¬glitters(x)∨gold(x))

⇒∃x(glitters(x)∧¬gold(x)) ... (4) , Negation cancellation ¬(¬) = () : and ¬(()∨()) = (¬()∧¬()) .

This solution is contributed by Nirmal Bharadwaj.

 Question 24
Choose the most appropriate phrase from the options given below to complete the following sentence.
India is a post-colonial country because
 A it was a former British colony B Indian Information Technology professionals have colonized the world C India does not follow any colonial practices D India has helped other countries gain freedom
English    GATE-CS-2014-(Set-2)
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Question 24 Explanation:
A country is called postcolonial if it came into existence after the colonies of the British and the Europeans were abolished and the countries then under their rule were declared independent. India was under the British colonial rule till 1947, i.e. it was a former British colony and thus is called a postcolonial country. So, A is the correct option.
 Question 25
Who ___________ was coming to see us this evening?
 A you said B did you say C did you say that D had you
English    GATE-CS-2014-(Set-2)
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Question 25 Explanation:
Only (B) makes sense, others don't fit.
 Question 26
Match the columns.
   Column 1          Column 2
2) distort         Q) soak completely
3) saturate        R) use
4) utilize         S) destroy utterly 
 A 1:S, 2:P, 3:Q, 4:R B 1:P, 2:Q, 3:R, 4:S C 1:Q, 2:R, 3:S, 4:P D 1:S, 2:P, 3:R, 4:Q
English    GATE-CS-2014-(Set-2)
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Question 26 Explanation:
"eradicate" means "destroy utterly" "distort" matches with "misrepresent" "saturate" matches with "soak completely" "utilize" matches with "use"
 Question 27
The old city of Koenigsberg, which had a German majority population before World War 2, is now called Kaliningrad. After the events of the war, Kaliningrad is now a Russian territory and has a predominantly Russian population. It is bordered by the Baltic Sea on the north and the countries of Poland to the south and west and Lithuania to the east respectively. Which of the statements below can be inferred from this passage?
 A Kaliningrad was historically Russian in its ethnic make up B Kaliningrad is a part of Russia despite it not being contiguous with the rest of Russia C Koenigsberg was renamed Kaliningrad, as that was its original Russian name D Poland and Lithuania are on the route from Kaliningrad to the rest of Russia
English    GATE-CS-2014-(Set-2)
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Question 27 Explanation:
Explanation: A is not true in the light of the given facts
• A is incorrect because First line says that Kaliningrad (Koenigsberg before war) had a majority of the German population before the war. So, it was historically German and not Russian.
• B is correct as although Kaliningrad is not contiguous with the rest of Russia (being surrounded by countries of Poland in the south and west, Lithuania in the east and Baltic sea on the north), it has a predominantly Russian population.
• C cannot be inferred from the passage as it is nowhere in the passage what the original Russian name of Koenigsberg was.
• D is also not true because no data about the route is mentioned in the passage.
So, B is the correct option
 Question 28
The number of people diagnosed with dengue fever (contracted from the bite of a mosquito) in north India is twice the number diagnosed last year. Municipal authorities have concluded that measures to control the mosquito population have failed in this region. Which one of the following statements, if true, does not contradict this conclusion?
 A A high proportion of the affected population has returned from neighbouring countries where dengue is prevalent B More cases of dengue are now reported because of an increase in the Municipal Office’s administrative efficiency C Many more cases of dengue are being diagnosed this year since the introduction of a new and effective diagnostic test D The number of people with malarial fever (also contracted from mosquito bites) has increased this year
English    GATE-CS-2014-(Set-2)
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Question 28 Explanation:
Explanation:
• A contradicts the conclusion of the municipal authorities. So, A is not the correct choice.
• B is an incorrect choice because there is no data in the passage relating the reporting of cases and the efficiency of the administrative capabilities of the municipal authorities.
• C is also incorrect as it contradicts the conclusion of the municipal authorities.
• D is the correct choice as both malarial fever and dengue fever are caused by mosquito bite. If dengue fever had increased because of some other reason other than that concluded by the municipal authorities, then there would not have been increase in the people with malarial fever. This statement supports the conclusion of the municipal authorities.
 Question 29
While trying to collect(I) an envelope from under the table (II), Mr. X fell down (III) and was losing consciousness (IV) Which one of the above underlined parts of the sentence is NOT appropriate?
 A I B II C III D IV
English    GATE-CS-2014-(Set-3)
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Question 29 Explanation:
Here, part IV is incorrect. "was losing consciousness" shows continuous process of losing consciousness, but he was not in the process, rather he just lost consciousness. So, the correction is " was losing consciousness "  → " lost consciousness ".

Thus, IV is the correct choice.

Please comment below if you find anything wrong in the above post.
 Question 30
If she _______________ how to calibrate the instrument, she _______________ done the experiment.
 A knows, will have B knew, had C had known, could have D should have known, would have
English    GATE-CS-2014-(Set-3)
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Question 30 Explanation:
A)knows, will have //Present ,future B)knew, had //past past c)had known, could have//past perfect,perfect conditional D)should have known, would have //present,future     In a Type 3 conditional sentence, the tense in the 'if' clause is the past perfect, and the tense in the main clause is the perfect conditional or the perfect continuous conditional.
If clause (condition) Main clause (result)
If + past perfect perfect conditional or perfect continuous conditional
If this thing had happened that thing would have happened.
source: http://www.edufind.com/english-grammar/type-3-conditional/
 Question 31
Choose the word that is opposite in meaning to the word “coherent”.
 A sticky B well-connected C rambling D friendly
English    GATE-CS-2014-(Set-3)
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Question 31 Explanation:
Coherent - Adj. Meaning - (of an argument, theory, or policy) logical and consistent. Rambling - Adj. Meaning - (of writing or speech) lengthy and confused or inconsequential. Hence both are opposite to each other. For synonyms and more example sentences visit : http://www.oxforddictionaries....
 Question 32
Didn’t you buy _________ when you went shopping?
 A any paper B much paper C no paper D a few paper
English    GATE-CS-2015 (Set 1)
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Question 32 Explanation:
In general, any is used in negative sentences and questions.
 Question 33
Which of the following options is the closest in meaning to the sentence below?
She enjoyed herself immensely at the party.
 A She had a terrible time at the party B She had a horrible time at the party C She had a terrific time at the party D She had a terrifying time at the party
English    GATE-CS-2015 (Set 1)
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Question 33 Explanation:
Except C, all other options indicate that she didn't enjoy. Horrible and terrible means fearful . Terrific means wonderful.
 Question 34
Which one of the following combinations is incorrect?
 A Acquiescence - Submission B Wheedle - Roundabout C Flippancy - Lightness D Profligate - Extravagant
English    GATE-CS-2015 (Set 1)
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Question 34 Explanation:
Flippancy     ---> lack of respect or seriousness.
Acquiescence  ---> the reluctant acceptance of
something without protest.
Wheedle      --->  use endearments or flattery to
persuade someone to do something or
Profligate   ---> recklessly extravagant 
 Question 35
Select the alternative meaning of the underlined part of the sentence. The chain snatchers took to their heels when the police party arrived.
 A took shelter in a thick jungle B open indiscriminate fire C took to flight D unconditionally surrendered
English    GATE-CS-2015 (Set 1)
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Question 35 Explanation:
Both took to flight and took to their heels mean run away.
 Question 36
We __________ our friend’s birthday and we ________ how to make it up to him.
 A Completely forgot --- don’t just know B Forgot completely --- don’t just know C Completely forgot --- just don’t know D Forgot completely --- just don’t know
English    GATE-CS-2015 (Set 2)
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Question 36 Explanation:
We Completely forgot our friend’s birthday and we just don’t know how to make it up to him.
 Question 37
Choose the statement where underlined word is used correctly.
 A The industrialist had a personnel jet B I write my experience in my personnel diary C All personnel are being given the day off D Being religious is a personnel aspect
English    GATE-CS-2015 (Set 2)
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Question 37 Explanation:
personnel mean a body of persons employed in an organization or place of work.
 Question 38
A generic term that includes various items of clothing such as a skirt, a pair of trousers and a shirt is
 A fabric B textile C fibre D apparel
English    GATE-CS-2015 (Set 2)
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Question 38 Explanation:
apparel means clothing.
 Question 39
Out of the following four sentences, select the most suitable sentence with respect to grammar and usage:
 A Since the report lacked needed information, it was of no use to them B The report was useless to them because there were no needed information in it C Since the report did not contain the needed information, it was not real useful to them D Since the report lacked needed information, it would not had been useful to them
English    GATE-CS-2015 (Set 2)
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Question 39 Explanation:
 Question 40
The Tamil version of ________ John Abraham-starrer Madras Cafe _____ cleared by the Censor Board with no cuts last week, but the film’s distributors ______ no takers among the exhibitors for a release in Tamil Nadu _________ this Friday.
 A Mr., was, found, on B a, was, found, at C the, was, found, on D a, being, find at
English    GATE-CS-2015 (Set 3)
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Question 40 Explanation:
Refer use of the here.
 Question 41
Extreme focus on syllabus and studying for tests has become such a dominant concern of Indian students that they close their minds to anything ________ to the requirements of the exam.
 A related B extraneous C outside D useful
English    GATE-CS-2015 (Set 3)
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Question 41 Explanation:
 Question 42
Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the pair: Children : Pediatrician
 A Adult : Orthopaedist B Females : Gynaecologist C Kidney : Nephrologist D Skin : Dermatologist
English    GATE-CS-2015 (Set 3)
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Question 42 Explanation:
Pediatrician is a doctor for children. Gynaecologist is a doctor for Females.
 Question 43
A rewording of something written or spoken is a ______________.
English    GATE-CS-2016 (Set 1)
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Question 43 Explanation:
Paraphrase - To express something in different words so that it becomes easy for the listener to understand.   Paradox - A statement which sounds logical, but proves to be illogical when investigated.   Paradigm - A way of looking or thinking (perception) about something.   Paraffin - A flammable substance used in candles, polishes, etc.   So, A is the correct choice.
 Question 44
Archimedes said, “Give me a lever long enough and a fulcrum on which to place it, and I will move the world.” The sentence above is an example of a ___________ statement.
 A figurative B collateral C literal D figurine
English    GATE-CS-2016 (Set 1)
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Question 44 Explanation:

Here, we are talking about figure of speech So, figurative is figure of speech meaning : Use of metamorphic meaning of words to explain your thoughts instead of literal use of them.

This solution is contributed by Mohit Gupta.

 Question 45
The man who is now Municipal Commissioner worked as ____________________.
 A the security guard at a university B a security guard at the university C a security guard at university D the security guard at the university
English    GATE-CS-2016 (Set 2)
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Question 45 Explanation:
We have used 'The' man so we know the person, so his university i.e. we are particularly mentioning the university
Hence, THE UNIVERSITY

Post of security is a general post, we are talking about.
Hence, A SECURITY GUARD

This explanation has been contributed by Mohit Gupta.
 Question 46
Find the odd one in the following group of words.
mock, deride, praise, jeer
 A mock B deride C praise D jeer
English    GATE-CS-2016 (Set 2)
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Question 46 Explanation:
Meanings mock : tease deride : poke/laugh at praise : gratitude jerk : fool So except praise, all others are describing negative things. This explanation has been contributed by Mohit Gupta.
 Question 47
 In the present-day world, no individual or organization even
think to plough a lonely furrow.

The best meaning for the underlined phrase above is:
 A work secretly B remain aligned C do without the help of others D remain non-aligned
English    GATE 2017 Mock
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Question 47 Explanation:
Meaning of the phrase-: Follow a course of action in which one is isolated or in which one can act independently.
There are 47 questions to complete.

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